The Contexto of our activities while interacting with others greatly influences how we behave. This implies that depending on the context in which we encounter things, words, feelings, and social cues, our comprehension of them may vary. Here, we describe how context impacts people’s daily thought processes, including how they see the world and interact with others.
The social contexto network model is then presented. This model describes how the frontal, temporal, and insular brain areas interact to process contextual inputs during the interaction. Next, we demonstrate how some disorders impair those brain regions, making it challenging for patients to comprehend contextual inputs.
Introduction | What is Contexto?
The environment in which you act has an impact on everything you do. The context of an activity is the environment in which it occurs. In reality, contexto analysis is essential for social interaction and, in extreme circumstances, even for survival.
Suppose you come across a man who appears to be in terror. Your response will rely on the scenario as well as the man’s facial expression, such as raised eyebrows and wide-open eyes. The contexto may be internal (am I calm or am I also afraid?) or external (is there something ominous nearby?). These contextual hints are essential to your comprehension of any circumstance.
Contexto determines an item, word, emotion, or social event’s precise meaning. The contexto might be overt or covert, imaginary or real, or conscious or unconscious. Basic optical illusions show how context is important. The Ebbinghaus illusion has two core circles surrounded by rings of other circles. While the two middle circles are the same size, it looks like one of them is smaller than the other. This is true because the adjacent circles set the scene.
Although parallel, you interpret the lines as diverging or converging. You may try concentrating on the center line and measuring it using a ruler. You can identify things in a scene with the use of contextual clues. For instance, when letters form part of a word, it might be simpler to identify them.
You can’t possibly have interpreted that as “TAE CHT,” can you? Contextual signals are also crucial for social interaction, to sum up. For instance, how you interpret emotions in a face is influenced by visual situations, sounds, bodies, other faces, and words. may give the impression that the woman is irate if viewed alone. But this time. This demonstrates how identifying emotions requires additional informat. an ion that is not inherent to the face.
Context Influences How You See Events.
A and B. The visual environment influences how you see forms. D. Object recognition also heavily relies on context. Objects in context are simpler to identify. Contextual effects on letter recognition may be shown in “THE CAT,” as an example (reproduced with permission from Chun). D, E. By Hanson K. Joseph (Own work), CC BY-SA 4.0, through Wikimedia Commons. Context also influences how you detect an emotion.
You can make sense of other circumstances with the aid of contextual signals. What is acceptable in one setting might not be acceptable in another. Jokes are OK when studying with friends, but not during taking the test itself. Also, the context influences how you feel when you witness something bad occurring to someone else. Imagine seeing a street beating.
The reason you most likely gave a “no” response is that you lack empathy, which is the capacity to “put oneself in another person’s shoes.”
Depending on the situation, you could offer to aid or might flee in terror. In conclusion, environmental elements that influence your feelings and behavior determine social interactions.
Social situation interpretation depends on contextual signals. Yet, they have received little attention in the scientific community. Our team put out the social context network model to closE. This network of neurons in the brain mixes activity from the frontal, temporal, and insular lobes of the brain.
Processing contextual information indeed involves a variety of additional brain regions. For instance, activities in the brain’s visual centers are influenced by the environment.
According To The Social Context Network Model, The Brain’s Cooperating Regions.
This hypothesis suggests that a network of certain brain areas processes social environmental information. This network is made up of connections connecting the frontal (light blue), temporal (orange), and insular (green) brain areas.
How Does Your Brain Interpret Social Situations’ Contextual Cues?
Your brain uses a network of brain areas, including the frontal, temporal, and insula regions, to evaluate the context in social contexts. The frontal areas are depicted in light blue in. As you concentrate on something, these zones assist you in updating contextual information (say, the traffic light as you are walking down the street). Using your prior experiences and that information, you can predict what could happen next. The frontal areas will engage and update predictions if there is a change in what you are seeing (for example, as you go down the street, a mean-looking Doberman arrives).
A person who has had damage to their frontal lobes will have trouble recognizing how context affects behavior. The frontal regions’ primary function is to interpret the meaning of actions by examining the circumstances around those acts.
The insula, or islands, are depicted in green. Signals from both inside and outside of your body are combined by the insula. The insula gets information from your stomach, heart, and lungs. Also, it enhances your capacity for feeling. Brain activity is even responsible for the stomach butterflies you occasionally experience! Together with contextual cues received from outside your body, this information is integrated. So, you might feel your pulse beating quicker as you witness the Doberman break free from its owner (an internal body signal).
People who have suffered insular injury are less adept at detecting internal bodily cues and fusing them with their emotions. The insula is essential for providing an event with emotional significance.
Social Contexto Displays The Orange-colored Temporal Zones
Last but not least, displays the orange-colored temporal zones. The temporal zones link the subject or person you are concentrating on to the surrounding circumstances. Here, memory plays a significant role. For instance, when the Doberman escapes, you recognize his owner as the friendly man you met the previous week at the pet store.
Moreover, the temporal regions connect information from the frontal and insular areas with contextual information. Your awareness that Dobermans can attack humans and force you to seek safety is supported by this system.
In conclusion, the frontal, insular, and temporal areas of the brain work together to integrate your experiences with the social context. This network allows us to perceive a wide range of social events. Based on recent and past events, your frontal regions modify and update what you think, feel, and do.
These regions also foretell potential occurrences in your immediate environment. Your body’s internal and external impulses are combined by the insula to create a particular emotion. The temporal regions link people and things to the present circumstance. Hence, when you are in social settings, all the components of the social context network model come together to integrate contextual information.
Empathy is the capacity to “put oneself in another person’s shoes,” or to experience what another person is experiencing.
Aspects of autism are a collective name for several intricate brain development diseases. Repetitive habits and varying degrees of difficulties with verbal and nonverbal communication, as well as social interaction, are characteristics of these diseases.
Behavioral Alteration Dementia with frontotemporal lobes: a mental condition that causes gradual personality changes and empathy loss. Patients frequently act in socially unacceptable ways as a result of their trouble controlling their conduct. Symptoms usually begin to appear in patients around the age of 60.
Hyperscanning is a cutting-edge method for measuring two people’s brain activity at once.
Virtual reality is a term used to describe computer technologies that provide lifelike visuals, sounds, and other experiences that resemble the outside world. This method simulates the user’s physical presence in this environment using specialized display panels or projectors, allowing the user to interact with the virtual world and any items it contains.
Declaration of Conflict of Interest
The study’s authors affirm that there were no financial or commercial ties that may be viewed as having a possible conflict of interest. There are no competing financial interests listed by the authors.
Funding for this project came from the INECO Foundation, FONDAP, and CONICYT/FONDECYT Regular (1170010).
How Does Social Environment
Affect Our Brain and Behavior? by Baez, Garca, and Ibáez (2018). Young Minds. 6. 3. doi: 10.3389/frym. Front. 2018.00003
Randolph Helfrich Science Mentors Sabine Kastner
December 13, 2016:
First submission; January 23, 2018: Acceptance; February 19, 2018: Online publication.
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